In the personal interviews, people were asked to describe their ethnic origin. These charts compare travel patterns for three major ethnic groups in New Zealand: those of European descent, Maori people, and people of Pacific descent. The European and Pacific groups include those born in New Zealand and immigrants.
There are several differences between these ethnic groups, including the age structure (the proportion of younger people compared to older people) and the proportion that live in towns and rural areas compared to cities.
Travel patterns reflect these and cultural and socio-economic differences. On average, New Zealanders of European descent travel further, and drive more, than those in the other two groups. The average Maori or European driver drove about 11,000 km per year, compared to only 8,000 km driven by the average Pacific driver.
Pacific children of school age do much less bus travel than Europeans or Maori, partly reflecting the more city-based Pacific population whose schools may be closer to home.
The graph of time spent travelling has a somewhat different pattern. Although Pacific adults cover the least distance daily, they spend as much or more time travelling as the other groups. In particular, they spend more time cycling, walking, and using public transport than Maori and Europeans.
Although Pacific adults cover the least distance daily, they spend as much or more time travelling as the other groups.